What are varicose veins?
Veins have the job of taking blood back to the heart. Your legs have 2 groups of veins: superficial veins, which lie near the skin; and deep veins in the leg muscles. Blood passes from the superficial veins through perforator veins to the deep veins in the leg muscles. When the leg muscles are used, as in walking, they act as a pump sending the blood up to the heart. Veins have one-way valves in them to overcome the effects of gravity. When the walls of the leg veins lose their elasticity and the valves stop functioning properly, blood can flow backwards and pool in the superficial leg veins, causing the veins to swell and become varicose. When veins become visibly twisted and swollen, they are known as varicose veins. They most commonly occur in the legs.
Factors that can increase your chance of developing varicose veins include:
Initially, varicose veins are usually painless. Over time they can cause symptoms and signs such as:
It is recommend having a doppler ultrasound to look at the veins in your legs, check for blood clots and check whether the valves in the veins are functioning properly
How are Varicose veins treated?
The treatment of varicose veins has undergone a paradigm shift from open removal of the entire diseased vein to a minimally invasive operation. Varicose vein treatment, also known as endovenous ablation, uses radiofrequency or laser energy to close varicose veins in the legs. Endovenous ablation is safe, less invasive than conventional surgery, and leaves virtually no scars.
During the operation an ultrasound is used to visualize the varicose vein. A laser fiber or radiofrequency electrode is advanced to the desired location within the vein. Laser or radiofrequency energy is then applied, heating the vessel and causing it to close. The tip of the fiber or electrode is exposed by pulling the catheter back slightly.
Following the procedure, the faulty vein will shrink and "scar down."
Pressure will be applied to prevent any bleeding and the opening in the skin is covered with a bandage. No stitches are generally needed.
This procedure is usually completed within an hour. Additional procedures such as sclerotherapy may be necessary to treat associated small veins.
Both modalities of endovenous surgery (Laser & Radiofrequency) are offered at QRG Healthcity. The team has the largest experience of management of varicose veins by endovenous therapy in Faridabad.
For consultation with Dr Prabal Roy call 0129-4330000 / 9540022121
OPD Timings: Mon to Sat: 10 am to 5 pm