Arthritis means inflammation of joints & surrounding tissue. There are more than 200 type of diseases that affect joints. The predominant disease is osteoarthritis. Other forms of arthritis include rheumatoid arthritis, gout etc. The more severe forms of arthritis like inflammatory arthritis can affect in younger age group also.
Tips on osteoarthritis:
Risk factors are growing age, gender (females have more chances of developing osteoarthritis), overweight, Joint injuries, infection and occupations requiring repetitive knee bending or squatting.
What is osteoarthritis of knee?
Degenerative or mechanical arthritis affects the smooth polish over the ends of bones i.e. cartilage. This damage is usually more on the weight bearing surfaces. The main job of this smooth polished cartilage is to provide a friction less surface for joint gliding and movement. It is also a shock absorber when we jump over the knee. When this cartilage is damaged the surface becomes rough producing pain. To compensate this damage the body tries to heal but the result is abnormal bony protuberances called osteophytes which further damage joint function.
Treatment of knee osteoarthritis: